Month after month, the period cycle continues throughout most of a woman’s life making her feel uncomfortable at this time & because of this she often grows to dread or hate this time.
When a young girl has her first period it is usually occurs between 9 to 15 years of age but more often around the age of 12 years in USA. The medical terminology for this is called, menarche, but it is more commonly referred to as periods, monthly’s, rags or menstrual cycle. Girls go into puberty with breast development commencing first then followed about 2 years later when menses commences.
Interestingly, some research showed that girls who had their very first menstruation period after the age of 14 had a considerably reduced risk of developing endometriosis in later life (pelvic discomfort suffered by about 10% of women). Also girls commencing early often went into menopause earlier.
Girls should not feel embarrassed about this natural process & it shouldn’t have to be a traumatic or shameful event for them either.
Periods or menses come in cycles ranging from 21 to 35 days apart usually.
In the first half of the cycle, levels of estrogen, referred to as the “female hormone”, start to rise. Estrogen plays an important role in keeping you healthy, especially by helping you to build strong bones and to help keep them strong as you get older. Estrogen also makes the lining of the uterus (womb) grow and thicken. This lining of the womb is a place that will nourish the embryo if a pregnancy occurs. At the same time the lining of the womb is growing, an egg, or ovum, in one of the ovaries starts to mature. At about day 14 of an average 28-day cycle, the egg leaves the ovary. This is called ovulation. If this egg is not fertilize by sperm, menses will occur as the uterus sheds this protective lining.
Then it starts all over again.
This continues throughout a woman’s reproductive time in her live & gets to be quite an experience that women dread or hate having each month, because of the discomfort & limitations that go with it.